What You Need to Know About the Paleo Diet

What You Can and Can't Eat

So what did our ancestors of, oh say, 300 generations ago eat, and why would we want to eat the same things given our modern-day food choices?
The Paleo diet is one that goes back to the basics. The foods of that era consisted of:
  • Fruits
  • Vegetables
  • Meats
  • Seafood
  • Eggs
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Healthier oils, such as olive oil and coconut oil.
As far as what you can't eat on this diet, remember our ancestors were hunters-gatherers and not farmers, so you can nix the wheat and dairy food groups. Those are replaced by fruits and vegetables. There also weren't any processed foods, so say goodbye to those as well. Other items on the "don't eat" list include:
  • Refined sugar
  • Potatoes
  • Grains
  • Salt
  • Legumes, such as peanuts and beans
  • Refined vegetable oils, such as canola oil.
The Paleo diet claims that these types of "modern" foods have contributed to weight gain, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and a variety of other health problems. Therefore, eating like a caveman will theoretically result in a leaner you and reduce your risk for these and a number of other health ailments.
The Paleo diet is basically a high-protein, high-fiber eating plan that is used to help people lose weight without cutting calories. It is reported to be a unique diet that the human race is genetically adapted to, and is not one that was made up by nutritionists or diet doctors. Some scientific research has been done to examine the types and quantities of foods our Paleo ancestors would have eaten. From these studies, the foundation of the diet plan was established.
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