Health Effects of Obesity
Fatty liver disease occurs when fat builds up in the liver cells and causes injury and inflammation in the liver. It can sometimes lead to:
- Severe liver damage
- Cirrhosis (buildup of scar tissue that blocks proper blood flow in the liver)
- Liver failure.
Fatty liver disease is like alcoholic liver damage, but it is not caused by alcohol and can occur in people who drink little or no alcohol.
Link to Obesity
People who have diabetes or "pre-diabetes" (when blood sugar levels are higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range) are more likely to have fatty liver disease than people without these conditions. And people who are overweight are more likely to have diabetes. It is not known why some people who are overweight or diabetic get fatty liver disease and others do not.
Impact of Weight Loss
Losing weight can help you control your blood sugar levels. It can also reduce the buildup of fat in your liver and prevent further injury. People with fatty liver disease should also avoid drinking alcohol.
There are still more potentially negative effects of obesity.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is another of the health effects of obesity. This problem occurs when the lower esophageal sphincter does not close properly and stomach contents leak back -- or reflux -- into the esophagus.
Gout is one of the most painful forms of arthritis. The term "arthritis" refers to more than 100 different rheumatic diseases that affect the joints, muscles, and bones, as well as other tissues and structures. Gout accounts for approximately 5 percent of all cases of arthritis. It occurs in approximately 840 out of every 100,000 people. It is rare in children and young adults.