Health Effects of Obesity

Cancer

The effects of obesity on your health also include an increased risk for developing cancer. Cancer occurs when cells in one part of the body, such as the colon, grow abnormally or out of control and possibly spread to other parts of the body, such as the liver. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States.
 
Link to Obesity
Being overweight may increase the risk of developing several types of cancer. For men, obesity increases the risk for:
 
For women, obesity increases the risk for:
 
Gaining weight as an adult increases the risk for several of these cancers. Being overweight also may increase the risk of dying from some cancers. It is not known exactly how being overweight increases one's cancer risk. It may be that fat cells make hormones that affect cell growth and lead to cancer. Also, eating or physical activity habits that may lead to being overweight can also contribute to the risk for cancer.
 
Impact of Weight Loss
Avoiding weight gain may prevent a rise in cancer risk. Weight loss, as well as healthy eating and physical activity habits, may lower one's risk for cancer.
 

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by interruptions of a person's breathing while he or she is asleep. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly and experience daytime sleepiness.
 
Link to Obesity
The risk for sleep apnea is higher for people who are overweight. A person who is overweight may have more fat stored around his or her neck. This can make the airway smaller. A smaller airway can make breathing difficult, loud (snoring), or stop altogether. In addition, fat stored in the neck and throughout the body can produce substances that cause inflammation. Inflammation in the neck may be a risk factor for sleep apnea.
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